3 May 2016

Men: Eight Keys to improve your Fertility

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While millions of sperm are produced every day in the testes, its development is complex. Medications, hormone imbalances and lifestyle factors can all affect production, maturation and quality of sperm. Here are eight keys to help improve your sperm count and your fertility.

Avoid high temperatures

Sperm are made in the testes which are located in the scrotum. This is the body’s way of keeping the testes slightly cooler than the rest of the body and is best for sperm production. Men should wear loose-fitting underwear and trousers and should avoid very hot baths, prolonged use of a lap-top on the knee, saunas and so on to maximise sperm quality.


Smoking has been directly linked to a low sperm quality and we strongly advise that you stop smoking prior to attempting to conceive.

Alcohol intake

More than 6 units per week (equivalent to about 3 pints of normal strength beer or 6 small glasses of wine) may interfere with optimum fertility.


This is an enlargement of the vein in the scrotum that can result from a failing of the one-way blood flow system. We advise that, if you suspect that you have one, you discuss this with your GP or a fertility specialist.

Drugs and medicines

Some medications are known to affect sperm quality. Speak with your GP or fertility specialist about any medications that you are on.

Watch your weight

Being significantly over or under-weight can have an impact on the quality of your sperm. Follow a healthy diet plan with plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. It is worth taking a supplement of zinc and folic acid to maintain healthy sperm.

Exercise regularly

Exercise improves your general health and well-being and it is a great outlet for the stress that couples often feel when they are trying to conceive. Over-exercising and prolonged periods on a bicycle may impair sperm quality.

Sexually transmitted diseases

If you suspect you may be at risk of a sexually transmitted disease, please arrange a test with your GP. These types of infection can impact sperm quality and cause infertility in both you and you partner, if left untreated. Most sexually transmitted diseases can be effectively treated once discovered, so it is worth addressing the issue now.

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